Three Branches of Government Lesson Plan

The Three Branches of Government poster is available for ordering or downloading.

3 Branches of GovernmentObjectives:

  1. Students will be able to explain how the jobs in a school work together to make the school run efficiently.
  2. Students will be able to identify the key people, groups, and jobs for each branch of government.
  3. Students will be able to identify the checks and balances for the three branches of government.

Standard: NCSS Standard: VI. Power, Authority, & Government

Activity 1: Different Jobs Working Together

  1. Have students brainstorm a list of the different people in a school and their primary job duties (ex. Teacher, Principal, Cafeteria Worker, Custodian)
  2. Describe how the different jobs work together to make the school successful. Explain that our government works the same way. The government is divided into three branches. Each branch has a specific job.

Activity 2: Separation of Powers

  1. Before the activity, create cards for the students to sort.
  2. Legislative Branch
    Executive Branch
    Judicial Branch
    House of Representatives
    Vice President
    Supreme Court
    Enforces Laws
    Makes Laws
    Interprets Laws

  3. Put students in pairs or small groups. Instruct them to sort the cards. Match each branch of government with the people who work for that branch. Then match the branch with its primary responsibility.
  4. Review the people and job for each branch. Ask students why it is beneficial to have each branch of government have a different job?
  5. Extension Activity: Teachers can create cards with additional job descriptions as outlined in the Constitution.


Page last updated: Mar 6th, 2017